At the foundation of the welfare state it was clear that Beveridge was under the same pressure to 'patch' as we too have faced ever since he designed it.
Aristotle feared that democracy might become the rule of the mob, the demos. He saw their short-sighted, wilfulness as a threat to good order.
The Paideia Proposal was an educational reform plan proposed by Mortimer Adler in the USA.
The struggle for democracy offers us a parallel to the struggle for welfare reform.
Mervyn Peake's novel ‘Mr Pye’ is a wonderful fable on the perils of do-goodery.
A quote from Hannah Arendt on the importance of concentration camps to totalitarianism.
The important judgements about society, about ourselves and about others are moral judgements.
We don't always understand what is in the interests of other people nor can we always trust our own values or ideals.
We need to move away from models of public policy that treat citizens as if they were merely subjects.
We are not worthy to judge. Only God can judge. So we must presume our own unworthiness: we must put ourselves last.
The best support lifts people up as equals - not from above, not from below - but alongside.
This story reveals a theme which runs through moral philosophy. Are we motivated to act rightly because of duty itself or because of external influence or fear?